José Luis Rodríguez Arellano (born February 21, 1951) is a Mexican Luchador Enmascarado (masked professional wrestler) who wrestles under the ring name Dos Caras (Spanish for "two faces"). His most active years were in the 1970s and 1980s, and he achieved his greatest success in Mexico's Universal Wrestling Alliance (UWA), where he won the UWA World Heavyweight Championship three times. He has been called "the greatest heavyweight ever to come out of Mexico".
Professional wrestling careerEdit
Rodríguez made his debut on January 6, 1970 at the age of 18 after training under Rafael Salamanca and Gory Medina. He adopted the ring name Dos Caras upon his debut, wearing a colorful mask with a figure of a two headed eagle on it to reflect his name. Rodríguez later stated that the name and mask was not inspired by the Two-Face comic book character but as a "two faced cheater" character (called a Rudo or Heel in pro wrestling). Through connections with his older brother who had been wrestling as Mil Mascaras for some years when Dos Caras made his debut he quickly landed a regular job with the professional wrestling promotion Empresa Mexicana de la Lucha Libre (EMLL), the world's oldest and Mexico's largest promotion. In the early years he often teamed with another brother who wrestles under the name Sicodélico in low card matches while gaining experience.
In 1975 wrestling promoters Francisco Flores and Benjamín Mora and wrestler/trainer Ray Mendoza decided to break away from EMLL's very rigid structure where young wrestlers "paid their dues" for many years before being given an opportunity and founded their own wrestling promotion, the Universal Wrestling Association (UWA), as a direct competition to EMLL. Dos Caras was one of the young EMLL wrestlers who decided to follow Flores to the UWA, gaining the opportunity to work high up on the card. Dos Caras worked his way up the ranks and on June 20, 1978 he defeated Canek to win the Mexican National Light Heavyweight Championship, his first championship ever. Over the following 292 days Dos Caras defended the title several times, using it as a springboard up the rankings of the UWA. On April 8, 1979 Caras lost the belt to Astro Rey.
Over the following years Dos Caras developed both physically and style wise into a heavyweight wrestler, blending the Lucha libre style of wrestling with a more mat-based, United States style wrestling style. Years later author James Molinaro cites Caras' blend of several wrestling styles as one of the reasons he called him "the greatest heavyweight ever to come out of Mexico" On February 2, 1984 Dos Caras won the highest title in the UWA as he won the UWA World Heavyweight Championship by defeating Enrique Vera in a tournament for the vacant title. Dos Caras' first run as the headliner of the UWA lasted for 119 days, until June 24, 1984 when he lost the belt to Canek. In the mid -1980s tension between EMLL and the UWA subsided and the two groups cooperated on a series of shows. This cooperation meant that Dos Caras worked EMLL shows for the first time in 10 years, teaming with Villano III and Villano V to win the Mexican National Trios Championship from Los Brazos (El Brazo, Brazo de Oro and Brazo de Plata). The title run only lasted 26 days as EMLL decided to take the belts off the UWA trio and have Los Brazos win them back on March 23, 1986. the EMLL/UWA cooperation ended not long after and Dos Caras once again focused on the UWA, defeating Canek to win his second UWA World title, a title he would hold until some time in 1987 where Canek won the title back.
In the late 1980s Dos Caras began wrestling for the Mexico based World Wrestling Association (WWA) where he won the WWA World Heavyweight Championship in 1989. He would hold the title for approximately a year until losing the belt to Scorpio, Jr. on September 19, 1990. in 1992 Dos Caras became a three time UWA World Champion when he defeated El Canek. Caras' third and final UWA title reign came to an end after 154 days when Canek regained the title in Naucalpan, Mexico. In 1994 the UWA closed, leaving Dos Caras free to work for other promotions, allowing him to work for EMLL (now renamed "Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre"; CMLL) as well as various independent promotions. On March 22, 1996 Dos Caras teamed with Héctor Garza and La Fiera to win the CMLL World Trios Championship from Bestia Salvaje, Emilio Charles, Jr. and Sangre Chicana. The team held the title until early 1997 when Garza left CMLL and the title was vacated.
In the subsequent years Dos Caras worked regularly for Lucha Libre AAA World Wide (AAA), being instrumental in the professional wrestling debut of his son Dos Caras, Jr. in AAA. He would also work for International Wrestling Revolution Group (IWRG) although he never won any championships in either promotion. Currently Dos Caras still wrestles, although on a reduced schedule, he mainly works for independent promotions, especially the UWE Legends shows. He has been vocal about not wanting to work for one of the "big two" promotions in Mexico (CMLL and AAA) as he did not feel either promotion treated a wrestler with his history and status with enough respect.
On October 7, 2010, Dos Caras made a special appearance at a WWE SmackDown live event in Mexico, where he was in his son—Alberto Del Rio's corner in his match against Kofi Kingston.
On December 4, 2013, Caras, along with Mil Máscaras, returned to Japan to take part in a Tokyo Gurentai event in Tokyo's Korakuen Hall. In the main event, the two defeated Mazada and Nosawa Rongai to win the Tokyo World Tag Team Championship.
Rodríguez is the father of luchadors Alberto Del Rio (known as Dos Caras, Jr. while wrestling in Mexico) and Guillermo (now performing as El Hijo de Dos Caras), and the brother of luchadors Mil Máscaras and Sicodélico. He has two nephews who wrestle under the names Sicodelico, Jr. and El Hijo del Sicodelico.
- Finishing moves
- Dos Caras Clutch (Hammerlock head scissors pinning combination) – innovated
- Sitout powerbomb
- Signature moves
- Flying cross chop
- Diving crossbody
- La Escalera (Grounded octopus hold)
- Quebradora con Giro (Tilt-a-whirl backbreaker)
- Topé suicida
- Wrist lock stump puller
- Entrance themes
- "Sky High" by Jigsaw (Japan)
Championships and accomplishmentsEdit
- Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre / Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre
- Michinoku Pro Wrestling
- Fukumen World League (1995)
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- Tokyo Gurentai
- Universal Wrestling Association
- World Wrestling Association
- WWA World Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame (Class of 1998)
Luchas de Apuestas recordEdit
|Winner (wager)||Loser (wager)||Location||Event||Date||Notes|
|Dos Caras (mask)||Sugi Sito (hair)||Unknown||Live event||Unknown|||
|Dos Caras (mask)||Ulises Onassis (hair)||San Juan Pantitlán||Live event||August 6, 1972|||
|Dos Caras (mask)||Renato Torres (hair)||Unknown||Live event||1975|
|Dos Caras and El Cóndor (masks)||Juan Colorado and El Jíbaro (masks)||Unknown||Live event||September 15, 1975||[Note 2]|
|Dos Caras (mask)||Mazambula El Brujo (mask)||Mexico City, Mexico||Live event||December 10, 1975|
|Dos Caras (mask)||Astro Rey (mask)||Naucalpan, Mexico State||Live event||April 22, 1979|||
|Dos Caras (mask)||El Salvaje (mask)||Unknown||Live event||1982|||
|Dos Caras (mask)||El Brillante (mask)||Mexico City, Mexico||Live event||June 5, 1983||[Note 3]|
|Dos Caras (mask)||La Pantera (mask)||Unknown||Live event||1985|||
|Dos Caras (mask)||Scorpio (hair)||Ecatepec, Morelos||Live event||May 29, 1988|||
|Dos Caras (mask)||Yamato (mask)||Naucalpan Mexico State||Live event||August 1, 1993||[Note 4]|
|Dos Caras (mask)||Black Man II (mask)||Iztacalco||Live event||June 18, 2006||[Note 5]|
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 the Mexico City Boxing and Wrestling commission sanctions the championship but it is promoted by CMLL
- ↑ Finals of a ruleta de la muerte tag team tournament.
- ↑ 12 man Ruleta de la Muerte tournament.
- ↑ Triangle match with El Canek.
- ↑ Finals of an 8-man ruleta de la muerte tag team tournament.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 Enciclopedia staff (November 2008). "Grandes Figuras de la Lucha Libre". Dos CarasSpanish. Portales, Mexico. p. 17. 17.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Molinaro, John F. (2002). Top 100 Pro Wrestlers of All Time. Winding Stair Press, 193.
- ↑ Madigan, Dan (2007). "Okay... what is Lucha Libre?", Mondo Lucha Libre: the bizarre and honorable world of wild Mexican wrestling. HarperColins Publisher, 29–40. ISBN 978-0-06-085583-3.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). "MEXICO: Universal Wrestling Federation Heavyweight Title", Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications, 397. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). "Mexico: National Trios Title", Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications, 393. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). "Mexico: EMLL CMLL Trios Title", Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications, 396. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- ↑ Arena Mexico Staff. "Dos Casas, Jr." (in es). ArenaMexico.com. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20071011145519/http://arenamexico.com.mx/wcb/CGIBIN/Dos_Caras_Jr..wcb. Retrieved June 13, 2009.
- ↑ Flores, Manuel (March 2009). "Dos Caras - el nuevo movimiento independiente y el ingreso de su hijo a WWE". SuperLuchasSpanish. pp. 22–23. 17.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 (in Japanese) Battle News. December 4, 2013. http://battle-news.com/battle/2013/12/002048.php. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
- ↑ Fernandes, Steven; Johnson, Mike (2012-08-15). "WWE signs second generation star". Pro Wrestling Insider. http://www.pwinsider.com/article/71131/wwe-signs-second-generation-star.html?p=1. Retrieved 2012-08-16.
- ↑ "Mil Mascaras vs. the Aztec Mummy Official Page". http://www.mmvsam.com.
- ↑ "PopMatters review of Mil Mascaras vs. the Aztec Mummy". http://www.popmatters.com/pm/post/mil-mascaras-resurrection.
- ↑ "M.J. Simpson review". http://www.mjsimpson.co.uk/reviews/milmascarasresurrection.html.
- ↑ "Pro Wrestling Illustrated's Top 500 Wrestlers of the PWI Years". Wrestling Information Archive. Archived from the original on 2011-05-15. https://web.archive.org/web/20110515112842/http://www.100megsfree4.com/wiawrestling/pages/pwi/pwi500yr.htm. Retrieved 2010-09-15.
- ↑ Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). "Mexico: WWA World Wrestling Association Heavyweight Title (Benjamin Mora Jr.)", Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications, 400. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 17.6 17.7 "Enciclopedia de las Mascaras". Dos CarasSpanish. Mexico City, Mexico. August 2007. p. 11. Tomo II.
- ↑ Centinela, Teddy (August 6, 2015). "En un día como hoy… 1972: Dos Caras rapa a Ulises Onassis… Cinco cabelleras más caen a lo largo de México" (in Spanish). SuperLuchas Magazine. http://superluchas.com/2015/08/06/en-un-dia-como-hoy-1972-dos-caras-rapa-a-ulises-onassis-cinco-cabelleras-mas-caen-a-lo-largo-de-mexico/. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
- ↑ Centinela, Teddy (April 22, 2015). "En un día como hoy… 1979: Antonio Inoki vs. Canek en El Toreo — Dos Caras destapa a Astro Rey" (in Spanish). SuperLuchas Magazine. https://superluchas.com/2015/04/22/en-un-dia-como-hoy-1979-antonio-inoki-vs-canek-en-el-toreo-dos-caras-destapa-a-astro-rey/. Retrieved July 1, 2015.
- ↑ "Enciclopedia de las Mascaras". Astro ReySpanish. Mexico. July 2007. p. 24. Tomo I.